Item Details

Prehistoric and Medieval Skis from Glaciers and Ice Patches in Norway

Issue: Vol 3 No. 1 (2016)

Journal: Journal of Glacial Archaeology

Subject Areas: Archaeology

DOI: 10.1558/jga.33147

Abstract:

Traditionally, ski history has relied on preserved skis from bogs, on rock carvings depicting skiers and on written sources. The on-going melting of mountain ice has led to the discovery of ancient skis from a new context. In this paper, we present ski finds from glacial ice in Norway, dated from the first millennium BCE to the Medieval Period. The finds of skis from glacial ice shed new light on the ski history of North-Western Europe - the development, the context of use in a high-alpine landscape and the skiing technique. One of the finds provides the earliest date yet for the use of fur on the underside of skis.

OPEN ACCESS: Attribution-CC BY

Contributors and Supporting Agencies:


Ministry of Climate and Environment; The Directorate of Cultural Heritage; Oppland County Council; Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo


Author: Espen Finstad, Julian Martinsen, Runar Hole, Lars Pilø

View Original Web Page

References :

Andrew T. D. and G. MacKay. 2014. ”The archaeology and paleoecology of alpine ice patches: A global perspective.” Arctic 57(3): iii–vi.

Åström, K. and O. Norberg. 1984. “Förhistoriska och medeltida skidor.” Västerbotten 2, 82–88. Umeå: Västerbotten museum.

Berg, G. 1950. “The origin and development of the skis through the ages.” In Finds of Skis from Prehistoric Time in Swedish Bogs and Marshes, edited by Magnus Lundqvist and Marshall Lagerquist, 9–64. Stockholm: Generalstabens litografiska antalts förlag.

Berg, Karin. 1993. Ski i Norge. Oslo: Aventura.

Bjørgo, T., T. Linge, Ø. Skår, S. Rongved and T. Slinning. 2015. ”Fragments of a Late Iron Age sledge melted out of the Vossaskavlen snowdrift glacier in western Norway.” Journal of Glacial Archaeology 2: 73–81. https://doi.org/10.1558/jga.v2i1.27719

Burov, G. 1989. ”Some Mesolithic wooden artifacts from the site of Vis I in the European north east of the U.S.S.R.” In The Mesolithic in Europe: Papers Presented at the Third International Symposium Edinburgh 1985, edited by Clive Bonsall, 391–401. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers.

Dixon, E. J., M. Callanan, A. Hafner and P. G. Hare. 2014. ”The emergence of glacial archaeology.” Journal of Glacial Archaeology 1(1): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1558/jga.v1i1.1

Hole, R. 2015. Rapport. Arkeologiske funn av tre-restar etter ei ski i 1980 og 2002. Søre Dalfonn nedanfor Kjølen. Lesja kommune. Oppland Fylke. Reinheimen Nasjonalpark. Tarandus.

Leich, J. 2009. “Nordic skiing from Stone Age to skating.” Journal of the New England Ski Museum. 75.

Manker, E. 1971. “Fennoskandias fornskidor: Preliminär rapport från en inventering.” Fornvännen 66: 77–91.

Nansen, F. 1890. Paa ski over Grønland: en skildring af Den norske Grønlands-ekspedition 1888–89. Kristiania: Aschehoug.

Ødegård, R. A., A. Nesje, K. Isaksen, L. M. Andreassen, T. Eiken, M. Schwikowski and C. Uglietti. 2017. “Climate change threatens archaeologically significant ice patches: Insights into their age, internal structure, mass balance and climate sensitivity.” The Cryosphere 11: 17–32. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-17-2017

Pilø, L. 2017. “An old ski from the Hardangerjøkulen Glacier.” http://secretsoftheice.com/funn/2017/02/15/old-ski-hardangerjokulen/

Pilø, L., E. Finstad, C. Bronk Ramsey, J.R.P. Martinsen, A. Nesje, B. Solli, W. Wangen, M. Callanan and J. H. Barrett. 2018. ”The chronology of reindeer hunting on Norway’s highest ice patches.” Royal Society Open Science 5: 171738. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.171738

Pilø, L. and E. Finstad. in press. “Ancient reindeer hunting in Oppland, Norway.” In The Gazelle’s Dream: Game Drives of the Old and New Worlds, edited by A. Betts and W. P. van der Pelt. Sydney: Sydney University Press.

Reckin, R. 2013. “Ice patch archaeology in global perspective: Archaeological discoveries from alpine ice patches worldwide and their relationship with paleoclimates.” Journal of World Prehistory 26(4): 323–385. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10963-013-9068-3

Sørensen, S. 1993a. “Skifunnet fra Steinhaugmo og de skinnkledde skiene i Fennoskandinavisk fortid.” Viking tidsskrift for norrøn arkeologi 56: 87–111.

———. 1993b. “Skifunnet fra Alvdal.” Årbok for Nord-Østerdalen 1993: 26–36.

———. 1995a. “Skifunnet fra Utrovatn og den eldste skitradisjonen i Valdres.” Årbok for Valdres 1995: 155–166.

———. 1995b. “Skihistorie i tusen år. Fortalt gjennom syv funn i Skimuseet.” Skiforeningens årbok 1995: 46–64

———. 1996. “Daterte skifunn fra middelalderen. Et omriss av middelalderens skihistorie.” Collegium Medievale 9: 8–55.

Tobiassen, A. H. 1988. Driftehandel med storfe i Norge, ca. 1850–1920. Unpublished PhD thesis, Institute of Ethnology, University of Oslo.

Vilkuna, Janne. 1998. “The binding of the prehistoric ski from Mänttä, Finland.” History of Skiing Conference, Oslo in 1998: 70–74.

Wiklund, K. B. 1931. “Den nordiska skidan, den södra och den arktiska.” På skidor 1931: 5–50.