Item Details

The Dalai Lama and Religious Diversity

Issue: Vol 4 No. 1 (2020) Buddhist Responses to Religious Diversity (Special Issue)

Journal: Interreligious Studies and Intercultural Theology

Subject Areas:

DOI: 10.1558/isit.40150

Abstract:

This article challenges exclusivist interpretations of the Buddha, and proposes alternative readings of early Buddhist texts that allow for the existence of the ultimate goal of the spiritual life outside Buddhism. The article clarifies the differences between exclusivist and non-exclusivist exegesis of the Buddha and suggests that exclusivist readings of his thought are a later scholastic development in the history of Buddhism. The main thesis of the article is that the Buddha cannot be considered an exclusivist because he did not understand the Dhamma and selfenlightened beings (paccekabuddhas) in sectarian terms as being the monopoly of any school. What the Buddha excludes from being paths to the final goal of the spiritual life are specific teachings incompatible with the Dhamma and the Noble Eightfold Path. This exclusion of specific teachings rather than of entire schools entails “specific exclusivism,” which is different from holding a sectarian “exclusivist view” of all non-Buddhists traditions anywhere and at any time.

Author: Abraham VĂ©lez de Cea

View Full Text

References :

Cabezón, José. 1992. A Dose of Emptiness. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Clooney, Francis. 2010. Comparative Theology: Deep Learning Across Theological Borders. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444318951

Dalai Lama. 2005. The Universe in a Single Atom: The Convergence of Science and Spirituality. New York: Morgan Road.

Dolgyal Shugden Research Society. 2014. Dolgyal Shugden: A History. New York: Tibet House.

Duckworth, Douglas. 2014. “How Nonsectarian is ‘Nonsectarian’?: Jorge
Ferrer’s Pluralist Alternative to Tibetan Buddhist Inclusivism.”
Sophia 53(3): 339348. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11841-013-0398-5

———. 2008. Mipam on Buddha-Nature. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Ferrer, Jorge N. 2008. “Spiritual Knowing as Participatory Enaction.” In The
Participatory Turn: Spirituality, Mysticism, Religious studies
, edited by Jorge N. Ferrer and Jacob Sherman, 135169. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Hopkins, Jeffrey. 2008. Tsong-kha-pa’s Final Exposition of Wisdom. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion.

Kiblinger, Kristin Beise. 2005. Buddhist Inclusivism: Attitudes Towards Religious Others. Farnham: Ashgate.

Klein, Anne and Tenzin Wangyal. 2006. Unbounded Wholeness: Dzogchen, Bon, and the Logic of the Nonconceptual. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/0195178491.001.0001

Longchenpa. 1996. White Lotus: Autocommentary of the Precious Wish-Fulfilling Treasury (theg pa chen po’i man ngag gi bstan bcos yid bzhin rin po che’imdzod kyi ’grel pa padma dkar po). In Seven Treasuries (mdzod bdun), Volume 7, 1391544. (Tarthang Tulku ed.). Sichuan, China.

Lopez, Donald, ed. 2015. Norton’s Anthology of Buddhism. New York: W. W. Norton.

Makransky, John. 2008. “Buddhist Inclusivism: Reflections Toward a Contemporary Theology of Religions.” In Buddhist Attitudes Toward Other Religions, edited by Perry Schmidt-Leukel, 4768. Germany: EOS.

Mipam. 1987a. Concise Summary of the Philosophical Systems in the Precious Wish-Fulfilling Treasury (yid bzhin mdzod kyi grub mtha’ bsdus pa). In Collected Works (Dilgo Khyentsé’s expanded redaction of sde dge edition), Volume 21, 439500.

———. 1987b. Intelligent Presence (gnyug sems ’od gsal ba’i don la dpyad pa rdzogs pa chen po gzhi lam ’gras bu’i shan ’byed blo gros snang ba). Mipam’s Collected Works (Dilgo Khyentsé’s expanded redaction of sde dge edition), Volume 24, 411566.

Sen, Amartya. 2006. Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny. New York: W. W. Norton.

Thupten Jinpa. 2002. Self, Reality, and Reason in Tibetan Philosophy. London: RoutledgeCurzon.

Tsongkhapa. 2005. Middling Stages of the Path (lam rim ’bring). Bylakuppe, India: Sera Je Library.

Vélez de Cea, Abraham. 2013. The Buddha and Religious Diversity. Abingdon: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203072639