Item Details

Archaeology and Dams in Southeastern Turkey: Post-Flooding Damage Assessment and Safeguarding Strategies on Cultural Heritage

Issue: Vol 33 No. 1 (2020)

Journal: Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology

Subject Areas: Ancient History Archaeology

DOI: 10.1558/jma.42345


The construction of dams is an ever-growing threat to cultural heritage, particularly in an age of climate
change and narrowly focused development policies. In analyzing as a case study three major reservoirs in
the Middle Euphrates river valley in southeastern Turkey (Atatürk, Birecik and Karkamış), we developed
a Post-Flooding Damage Assessment (PFDA) to evaluate the impact of dams on archaeological sites. Our
PFDA, consisting of an analysis of cross-correlations between multi-temporal Landsat imagery, geographical
spatial datasets and archaeological data from surveys and excavations, provides an unprecedented
detailed overview of the loss of especially significant cultural landscapes, and also highlights the limited
accuracy of pre-flooding archaeological surveys and excavations. We conclude with recommendations for
improving how rescue archaeological projects targeting endangered cultural landscapes are designed, with
an immediately achievable target of better documenting cultural heritage threatened by dams.

Author: Nicolò Marchetti, Gabriele Bitelli, Francesca Franci, Federico Zaina

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