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Archaeological Perspectives on Hunter-Gatherer Landscapes and Resource Management in Interior North Norway

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For a century, Stone Age research on the coast of north Norway has been influential on settlement studies in the larger region. Research on Stone Age and Sámi coastal sites has brought forward central debates in the general archaeology in Fennoscandia. Our knowledge of the inland has on the other hand, been week, geographically skewed towards the larger river valleys and exhibiting major chronological gaps, the reality of which was unknown. From 2008 to 2013 the LARM project (Landscape and Resource Management) was aimed at generating new archaeological knowledge of the inland and integrating it with old, mostly unpublished, data derived from hydroelectric development projects implemented in the 1970s and 1980s. This volume is the result of that effort.

The book is framed conceptually by a general approach to hunter-gatherer landscape use. This is discussed also in relation to the transition from hunting to reindeer herding among the indigenous Sámi in the region under study. Sámi landscape practices and knowledge constitute an important baseline, with circumpolar perspectives integrated. The archaeological and historical data investigated in the book range from about 7500 BC until the Early Modern period (AD 1500-1700).

Published: Oct 1, 2019

Section Chapter Authors
Chapter 1
Landscape and Resource Management in Interior Sápmi, North Norway Bryan Hood, Marianne Skandfer
Chapter 2
Research History Overview Marianne Skandfer
Chapter 3
Concepts and Methods Bryan Hood, Marianne Skandfer
Chapter 4
Reflections on Living in Landscapes Bryan Hood, Marianne Skandfer
Chapter 5
Modern Ecological Structure and Lithic Resources of Northern Norway Hans Peter Blankholm, Bryan Hood
Chapter 6
Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions Bryan Hood, Hans Peter Blankholm
Chapter 7
Previous Archaeological Investigations Marianne Skandfer, Bryan Hood, Hans Peter Blankholm, Ericka Engelstad
Chapter 8
LARM Investigations in Inner Finnmark 1: the Kárášjohka/Karasjok Region Marianne Skandfer, Bryan Hood, Ingrid Sommerseth
Chapter 9
LARM Investigations in Inner Finnmark 2: Bácheveaij/Pasvik, Deatnu/Tana, Guovdageáidnu/Kautokeino, Láhpojohka and Sennalandet Marianne Skandfer, Bryan Hood
Chapter 10
LARM Investigations in Inner Troms Hans Peter Blankholm, Asgeir Svestad
Chapter 11
House Pits in the Northern Interior Hans Peter Blankholm, Marianne Skandfer
Chapter 12
Hunting-Pit Systems in the Northern Interior Bryan Hood
Chapter 13
Settlement Models for Interior Finnmark Bryan Hood
Chapter 14
The Emergence of Reindeer Herding in North Norway, Part I: Improvisations on Two Scales Bryan Hood
Chapter 15
The Emergence of Reindeer Herding in North Norway Part II: Archaeological and Historical Evidence Bryan Hood
Chapter 16
Historical Sources and Ethnographic Analogies: The Early Modern Sámi of Inner Finnmark as Seen Through the Swedish Tax Records, 1553-1752 Bryan Hood
Chapter 17
Pollen Analytical Investigations in Finnmark Helge Irgens Høeg
Chapter 18
Conclusions: Resource Management and Landscape Use in a Long-Term Perspective Marianne Skandfer, Hans Peter Blankholm, Bryan Hood