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Resistance to Empire and Militarization

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This collection of 21 papers were written by leading and emerging critical scholar/practitioners who represent three generations of survivors of imperial invasions and genocidal massacres across the globe. They are from the Middle East, East Asia, South Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Pacific and the Caribbean Islands who are renowned for the depth and urgency of their analyses and their principled ethical and political positions against empire and militarization.

The contributors interrogate the oppressive ideologies and mechanisms of the modern empire and its allies and exemplify in particular how militarization has affected various peoples, lands, seas, and skies across the globe. They expose the desecration of lives and the earth by the modern empire and its local allies through various means, ranging from psychological warfare to brute force of advanced technological warfare, leaving an intergenerational impact. The authors have embraced people’s cries against mass killings, starvation, rape, militarized prostitution, torture, forced disappearances, land grab, and the destruction of nature caused by modern warfare, as well as people’s inherent collective aspiration for liberation of their lives and lands. They help evoke and sharpen the alternate consciousness amongst peoples in furthering resistance, and in envisioning and building a non-imperialist future for us, for our children, and for the planet earth.

The authors foreground a breadth of modes of resistance and the places where they have been implemented, sharing with the reader their hard-earned knowledge and stories of truth and liberation, with a prophetic urgency.

Published: Apr 1, 2020

Book Contributors

Section Chapter Authors
Foreword Collin Cowan
Preface Sudipta Singh
Introduction Jude Lal Fernando
Part I: East Asia, South Asia, West Asia and Beyond
1. War beyond the Armed Forces: Colonialism and Militarization of Ethno-national Conflicts in Contemporary South Asia Radha D'Souza
2. Contemporary Globalization and Militarization: From Speculation Blitz to the ‘War on Terror’ Rampage Haluk Gerger
3. Peoples Against a New Cold War: Nuclear Imperialism or Dialogue for Reconciliation Kinhide Mushakoji
4. Contesting Pasts, Presents, Futures: East Asia’s ‘Japan Problem’ and ‘Korea Problem’ Gavan McCormack
5. The Geo-politics of Imperialism and the Unitary State of Sri Lanka: Militarization and Structural Genocide of the Eelam Tamil Nation Athithan Jayapalan, Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam
6. Militarization and Everyday Struggle: A Case of Families of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances in Kashmir Farrukh Faheem
7. “Enemies of the Nation, Heretics of the Church”: Conscientious Rejection of National Authority Nami Kim
8. Okinawa People’s Philosophy of Direct Action against Capitalism and Imperialism: Post-World War II to the Present Kozue Uehara
9. The Palestinian Women's Movement vs Hamas: Attempting to understand Women's Empowerment outside a Feminist Framework Sara Ababneh
10. God vs Goliath: Theological Challenges to Empire in South Asia Francis Gonsalves
11. The Empathetic Power of Suffering: The Memories of Killing, and Feminist Interfaith Spiritual Activism K. Christine Pae
12. The Qur'an, the Bible, and the Indigenous Peoples of Canaan: An Anti-Colonial Muslim Reading Shadaab Rahemtulla
13. Counter-imperialistic Features in Biblical Israel Youngseop Lim
Part II: Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, the Pacific Islands and Beyond
14. Colonialism Still Matters: Militarization and Imperial Grand Strategy in the Era of US vs China Andy Higginbottom
15. New Imperialisms and Struggles for Peace Napoleón Saltos Galarza
16. Necropolitical Capitalism, State of Exception and Accumulation by Dispossession Luis Arizmendi
17. Hawaiʻi: A Pivot of Empire or Piko of Aloha ʻĀina? Kyle Kajihiro
18. Existential Threats to the Pacific Islands: Oceania Resists the Long Reach of Empire Vanessa Griffen, Gordon Nanau, Maureen Penjueli
19. Knoweldge Militarized in Africa: On Crushing Ubuhlanti to advance Pseudo Democratic and Economic Imagination Vuyani Vellem
20. Resistance, Peoples’ Rights and the Role of the Churches in Latin America Javier Giraldo Moreno
21. Empire, the Caribbean Church and the Gospel of Resistance Garnett Roper


This book is a collection of deep reflections on the struggles of all those “modern prophets” who are fighting against the Empire in their own contexts through multiple ways. They are academics, activists, artists, theologians, and common people from the margins of the society.
We pray that these testimonies of resistance will inspire all of us and strengthen our common struggle against the Empire. We urge that through this work our global network of anti-war and anti-militarization will be strengthened.
Sudipta Singh, Mission Secretary, Research and Capacity Development, Council for World Mission, Singapore

This book contains extraordinary material. It is a brilliant mix of interpretation and realisation by outstanding thinkers, activists and intellectuals from many walks of life and origins as to what a world at peace requires. The language and its scope is fascinating and gives one hope that with such clear minded people spread across our globe progress towards peace for all humanity and success thereof is indeed possible.
Dr. Denis Halliday, former Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations who resigned from his 34 year old career in the UN in protest of the economic sanctions imposed on Iraq by the Security Council

This book, which is based on the authors’ concrete actions and commitment for liberation, clearly shows that the fundamental causes of ethnic and regional conflict, poverty, socio-economic and gender inequalities, discrimination, exploitation, and environmental destruction, in the non-Western, Three-Fourths World, are imperialism and militarism. At the same time, the authors invite us on a journey of overcoming imperialism and militarism to save humankind and nature, and to a life of peace, restoring our divinity and humanity.
Prof. Kim, Sung-Jae, President of Kim Dae-Jung Nobel Peace Prize Memorial, Distinguished Professor, Hanshin University, Former South Korean Minister of Culture and Tourism