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Book: Advancing Nonviolence and Social Transformation

Chapter: Chapter 20. Violence, Nonviolence, Anti-violence and Contra-Violence in Environmental Education Practice

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.32000


In the last chapter, environmental educator and academic Richard Kool argues that environmental educators must deliberate nonviolence, anti-violence, and contra-violence in order to confront a dominant culture in which environmental violence is accepted as normal and necessary.

Chapter Contributors

  • Richard Kool ( - rkool) 'Royal Roads University'