Engaging in mobile phone-based activities for learning vocabulary: An investigation in Japan and Taiwan
Journal: CALICO Journal
Studies investigating the use of mobile technologies when other options are available are still relatively rare in the literature, with the majority of studies requiring that learners use a particular technology, either using their own devices or devices provided by the institution. One exception to this was a study by Stockwell (2010) that examined how learners in Japan perceived the use of mobile phones for language learning and how willing they were to engage in the activities. This study, however, was conducted prior to the spread of smart phones and it focused exclusively on learners in Japan. Thus, the purpose of the current study was conducted in two parts. The first part was run in essentially the same environment as the original study but where the majority of learners owned smart phones. The second part used the same system but was conducted with learners studying English at a university in Taiwan. Data were collected through server logs, post-treatment questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The results are discussed in terms of the ways in which learners engaged in the activities on their mobile phones, and the effect of the mobile platform on the time taken to complete the activities over the course of the semester. These results were correlated with those from the original 2010 study to identify the potential effect of the smart phone.
Author: Glenn Stockwell, Yi Chun Liu
Abdous, M., Camarena, M. M., & Facer, B. R. (2009). MALL technology: Use of academic podcasts in the foreign language classroom, ReCALL, 21 (1), 76–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0958344009000020
Başoğlu, E. B. & Akdemir, Ö. (2011). A comparison of undergraduate students’ English vocabulary learning: Using mobile phones and flash cards. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9 (3), 1–7.
Burston, J. (2013). Mobile-assisted language learning: A selected annotated bibliography of implementation studies 1994–2012. Language Learning & Technology, 17 (3), 157–224.
Chang, C.-K. & Hsu, C.-K. (2011). A mobile-assisted synchronously collaborative translation-annotation system for English as a foreign language (EFL) reading comprehension. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 24 (2), 155–180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09588221.2010.536952
Chen, I.-J. & Chang, C.-C. (2011). Content presentation modes in mobile language listening tasks: English proficiency as a moderator. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 24 (5), 451–470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09588221.2011.577749
Chen, C.-M. & Chung, C.-J. (2008). Personalized mobile English vocabulary learning system based on item response theory and learning memory cycle. Computers & Education, 51 (2), 624–645. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2007.06.011
Chen, C.-M. & Tsai, Y.-N. (2010). Interactive location-based game for supporting effective English learning. International Journal of Intelligent Information Technology Application, 3 (1), 44–50.
Chen, C.-M. & Hsu, S.-H. (2008). Personalized intelligent mobile learning system for supportive effective English learning. Educational Technology and Society, 11 (3), 153–180.
Gromik, N.A. (2010). Cell phone video recording feature as a language learning tool: A case study. Computers & Education, 58 (1), 223–230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.06.013
Huang, L.-L. & Lin, C.-C. (2011). EFL learners’ reading on mobile phones. The JALT CALL Journal, 7 (1), 61–78.
Hubbard, P. & Romeo, K. (2012). Diversity in learner training. In G. Stockwell (Ed.), Computer-assisted Language Learning: Diversity in Research and Practice, 33–48. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139060981.003
Kim, D. & Kim, D-J. (2012). Effects of screen size on multimedia vocabulary learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43 (1), 62–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2010.01145.x
Kim, D., Rueckert, D., Kim, D.-J., & Seo, D. (2013). Students’ perceptions and experiences of mobile learning. Language Learning & Technology, 17 (3), 52–73.
Liu, T.-Y. (2009). A context-aware ubiquitous learning environment for language listening and speaking. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25 (6), 515–527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2009.00329.x
Matsumoto, T. (2011, July). Motivation strategy by using word of mouth. Paper presented at the 2011 World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Applied Computing, Las Vegas, Nevada.
Peacock, M. & Ho, B. (2003). Student language learning strategies across eight disciplines. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 13 (2), 179–200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1473-4192.00043
Pegrum. M. (2014). Mobile Learning: Languages, Literacies and Culture. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781137309815
Petersen, S.A., Divitini, M. and Chabert, G. (2008). Identity, sense of community and connectedness in a community of mobile learners. ReCALL, 20 (3), 361–379. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0958344008000839
Porte, G. (2013). Replication Research in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stockwell, G. (2008). Investigating learner preparedness for and usage patterns of mobile learning. ReCALL, 20 (3), 253–270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0958344008000232
Stockwell, G. (2010). Using mobile phones for vocabulary activities: Examining the effect of the platform. Language Learning & Technology, 14 (2), 95–110.
Stockwell, G. (2012). Commentary: Working with constraints in mobile learning: A response to Ballance. Language Learning & Technology, 16 (3), 24–31.
Stockwell, G. (2013). Tracking learner usage of mobile phones for language learning outside of the classroom. In P. Hubbard, M. Schultz, & B. Smith (Eds), Human-computer Interaction in Language Learning: Studies in Honor of Robert Fischer. CALICO Monograph Series, 118–136. San Marcos, TX: CALICO.
Thornton, P. & Houser, C. (2002) M-learning: Learning in Transit. In P. Lewis (Ed.), The Changing Face of CALL: A Japanese Perspective, 229–243. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Uther, M. & Ipser, A. (2012). Designing mobile language learning applications using multimedia: Implications from a small-scale prospective learner study. Proceedings of the 2012 Seventh IEEE International Conference on Wireless, Mobile and Ubiquitous Technology in Education, 202–204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WMUTE.2012.47
WantChinaTimes.com (2011). Motorola predicts strong growth in Taiwan smart phone market (10 February). Retrieved 19 August 2014, from wantchinatimes.com.