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汉语分析的系统功能模式 A Systemic Functional Framework for Chinese Analysis

Issue: Vol 1 No. 2 (2015)

Journal: Researching and Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

Subject Areas:

DOI: 10.1558/rtcfl.30419


本文试图依据系统功能语言学理论建立一个汉语分析框架。文中讨论主要 限定于已有研究中分歧较大或涵盖较少的问题, 以期对相关问题形成更深 入的理解。鉴于系统功能语言学的术语体系缘自于英语分析,本文在汉语 语言环境中对所涉及术语的有效性进行了检验,以避免语言描写上可能的 偏差。本文建立的分析框架按概念功能,人际功能和语篇功能三个方向对 汉语小句进行分析,并对每个元功能的子系统及其实现方式进行了描述。 该框架还包含对汉语小句复合体和词组及短语的分析。

This paper attempts to develop a framework for the functional analysis of Chinese within the theoretical background of Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG). It focuses its discussion on the controversial issues emerged from previous Chinese studies, aiming to provide new insights into these uncertainties. Given that the terminology in SFG is originally created for the analysis of English, the key terms in the framework are defined by examining their functions in the linguistic environment of Chinese to prevent any distortion of the characteristics in the language. The framework consists of the systematic descriptions of Chinese clauses in experiential, interpersonal, and textual dimensions. The descriptions end up by proposing the realization statements for Transitivity, Theme and Mood systems in Chinese. The framework also includes the descriptions of grammatical categories above and below clause in Chinese. In particular, the grammatical structures of clause complex and various types of group/phrase are examined for this purpose.

Author: Yang Yanning 杨延宁

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