Forensic Exploration of the Mechanical Properties of Basalt Grains in Earthenware
Issue: Vol 1 No. 2 (2017)
The overall goal of this project is to contribute to reconstruct the innovation mechanisms and development of ceramic production using forensic engineering techniques. Instead of optimizing materials as a driver in modern engineering, here we wish to use these methodologies, but aim to solve questions on advancement in the past fabrication process-and thus ultimately understand the key issues of a less or (un)successful design and subsequent improvement. This article wishes to address the advantages and constraints regarding to use of basalt in ceramic matrices. By utilizing a standardised set of different test bars comprising different amounts of basalt fired at both 800°C and 1000°C, it can be concluded basalt tempered ceramics have a higher fracture toughness when compared to quartz enriched materials. It is therefore plausible to identify basalt as a good temper material for (ancient) earthenwares in terms of thermal (shock) activities.
Author: Dennis Braekmans, Max J.G.M. Broekman, Bernd G. Grashof, Max P.J. Oudshoorn, Lennard H. Uittenbroek, Loe F.H.C. Jacobs
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