Pentecostal Theological Education: Mapping the Historical Landscape and Reflecting on a Theological Future
Issue: Vol 20 No. 1 (2021)
Subject Areas: Religious Studies
Pentecostalism has a mixed history with theological education. The movement has been shaped by a strong current of anti-intellectualism, but it has also established and supported training institutions from its inception. This article briefly maps out the historical development of Western classical Pentecostal theological education and proposes that many of the existing challenges and tensions have been caused by the movement’s uncritical adoption of Fundamentalist theological norms and a “pick and mix” approach to theological training. This has resulted in incoherences in Pentecostal education, and has also polarized academic theology and the work of the Holy Spirit. The article argues that a coherent Pentecostal theological education should be informed by Pentecostal philosophical determinants. After outlining Pentecostal metaphysics, epistemology and teleology, the article proposes seven theses for Pentecostal theological education in late-modernity. The educational vision that emerges is characterized by holism and a pluralistic Pentecostal hermeneutic.
Author: Simo Frestadius
Anderson, Allan H. An Introduction to Pentecostalism, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Archer, Kenneth J. A Pentecostal Hermeneutic for the Twenty-First Century. London: T. & T. Clark, 2004.
Archer, Kenneth J. The Gospel Revisited: Towards a Pentecostal Theology of Worship and Witness. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publishing, 2011.
Chan, Simon. Pentecostal Theology and the Christian Spiritual Tradition. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2000.
Dewey, John. Experience and Education. New York: Free Press, 2015 .
Edgar, Brian. “The Theology of Education”. Evangelical Review of Theology 29.3 (2005), pp. 208–217.
Fee, Gordon D. and Stuart, Douglas. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth, 3rd edn. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003.
Gee, Donald. “A Plea for Experience”. Elim Evangel 3.5 (May 1922), pp. 76–8.
Hittenberger, Jeffrey S. “Globalization, ‘Marketization’, and the Mission of Pentecostal Higher Education in Africa”. Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 26.2 (2004), pp. 182–215.
Hollenweger, Walter J. Pentecostalism: Origins and Developments Worldwide. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1997.
Jenkins, Steven. “‘Equipped to Serve’: The British Pentecostal Movement’s Early Attempts at Training for Mission Work”. The Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 32.2 (2012), pp. 211–36.
Johns, Cheryl Bridges. Pentecostal Formation: A Pedagogy among the Oppressed. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1998.
Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. “‘Epistemology, Ethos, and Environment’: In Search of a Theology of Pentecostal Theological Education”. Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 34.2 (2012), pp. 245–61.
Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. Christ and Reconciliation. Vol. 1: A Constructive Christian Theology for the Pluralistic World. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2013.
Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. Christian Theology in the Pluralistic World: A Global Introduction. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2019.
Kay, William K. “Aims of Christian Education”. The Pentecostal Educator 1.1 (2014), pp. 8–15.
Kelsey, David H. Between Athens and Berlin: The Theological Education Debate. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1993.
Knight, George R. Issues and Alternatives in Educational Philosophy, 4th edn. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2008.
Land, Steven J. Pentecostal Spirituality: A Passion for the Kingdom. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993.
Ma, Wonsuk. “Theological Education in Pentecostal Churches in Asia”. In Dietrich Werner, David Esterline, Namsoon Kang and Joshva Raja (eds), Handbook of Theological Education in World Christianity: Theological Perspectives, Ecumenical Trends, Regional Surveys. Oxford: Regnum, 2010, pp. 729–35.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? London: Gerald Duckworth, 1988.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry. London: Duckworth, 1990.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue, 3rd edn. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2012.
McGrath, Alister E. The Science of God. London: T. & T. Clark International, 2004.
Menzies, William W. Anointed to Serve: The Story of the Assemblies of God. Springfield, MO: Gospel Publishing House, 1971.
Newman, John Henry. The Idea of University, 3rd edn. n.l.: Aeterna Press, 2015 .
Oliverio Jr, L. William. Theological Hermeneutics in the Classical Pentecostal Tradition: A Typological Account. Leiden: Brill, 2015.
Omenyo, Cephas N. “African Pentecostalism and Theological Education”. In Dietrich Werner, David Esterline, Namsoon Kang and Joshva Raja (eds), Handbook of Theological Education in World Christianity: Theological Perspectives, Ecumenical Trends, Regional Surveys. Oxford: Regnum, 2010, pp. 742–9.
Pethrus, Lewi. A Spiritual Memoir. Plain Field, NJ: Logos International, 1973.
Pihlström, Sami. “Introduction”. In Sami Pihlström (ed.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Pragmatism. London: Bloomsbury, 2015, pp. 3–36.
Polhill, Cecil. “P.M.U. (The Pentecostal Missionary Union for Great Britain)”. Confidence 2.11 (November 1909), pp. 253–4.
Simmons, J. Aaron. “Prospects for Pentecostal Philosophy: Assessing the Challenges and Envisioning the Opportunities”. Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 42.2 (2020), pp. 175–200.
Smith, James K. A. Thinking in Tongues: Pentecostal Contributions to Christian Philosophy. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010.
Spittler, Russell P. “Are Pentecostals and Charismatics Fundamentalists? A Review of American Uses of These Categories”. In Karla Poewe (ed.), Charismatic Christianity as a Global Culture. Columbia, SC: University of South Caroline Press, 1994, pp. 103–16.
Thelin, John R. A History of American Higher Education. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 3rd edn, 2019.
Tracy, David. “On Theological Education: A Reflection”. In Rodney L. Petersen and Nancy M. Rourke (eds), Theological Literacy for the Twenty-First Century. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2002, pp. 13–22.
Volf, Miroslav. “Dancing for God: Evangelical Theological Education in Global Context”. In Dietrich Werner, David Esterline, Namsoon Kang and Joshva Raja (eds), Handbook of Theological Education in World Christianity: Theological Perspectives, Ecumenical Trends, Regional Surveys. Oxford: Regnum, 2010, pp. 721–8.
Vondey, Wolfgang. Pentecostalism: A Guide for the Perplexed. London: T. & T. Clark, 2013.
Wilson, Lewis F. “Bible Institutes, Colleges, Universities”. In Stanley M. Burgess and Eduard M. van der Maas (eds), The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, revised edn. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003, pp. 372–4.
Yong, Amos. Spirit-Word-Community: Theological Hermeneutics in Trinitarian Perspective. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2002.
Yong, Amos. “Theological Education between the West and the ‘Rest’: A Reverse ‘Reverse Missionary’ and Pentecost Perspective”. Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies 23.2 (August 2020), pp. 89–105.
Yong, Amos. Renewing the Church by the Spirit: Theological Education After Pentecost. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2020.