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Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe

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The first volume in this three volume series presents new archaeological and ecological data and analyses on the relation between human subsistence and survival, and the natural history of North-Western Europe throughout the period 10000 – 6000 BC. The volume contains contributions from ecological oriented archaeologists and from the natural sciences, throwing new light on the physical and biotic/ecological conditions of relevance to the earliest settlement. The volume explores the themes of human subsistence, subsistence technology, ecology and food availability pertaining to the first humans, and demographic patterns among humans linked to the accessibility of different landscapes.

Published: Feb 28, 2018

Book Contributors


Section Chapter Authors
List of Tables Per Persson
List of Appendices Per Persson
List of Figures Per Persson
List of Contributors Per Persson
General Preface to the Series Håkon Glørstad
1. Environment and Adaptation of Forager Pioneers in the North-western Regions of Europe Birgitte Skar, Heidi Breivik
Late Glacial Migration into the Skagerrak–Kattegat Region and Establishment of Permanent Post-glacial Settlement
2. Marine and Terrestrial Vertebrate Fauna in Skagerak and Southern Norway in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Leif Jonsson
3. Why Walk When You Can Take a Boat? Moving Beyond the North Central European Plain Lou Schmitt
4. Seal-hunting in the Final Paleolithic of Northern Europe Erwin Cziesla
5. Huseby Klev and the Quest for Pioneer Subsistence Strategies: Diversification of a Maritime Lifestyle Adam Boethius
6. Waterworld: Environment, Animal Exploitation, and Fishhook Technology in the North-Eastern Skagerrak Area During the Early And Middle Mesolithic (9500–6300 cal BC) Anja Mansrud, Per Persson
7. Hunting Elk at the Foot of the Mountains: Remains from 8,000 Years of Foraging at the Edge of the Hardangervidda Plateau in Southern Norway Axel Mjaerum
8. The Earliest Settlement in the Middle Scandinavian Inland: A Discussion about Joel Boaz’s Pioneers in the Mesolithic Per Persson
The Early Mesolithic in the Baltic Region: Aquatic Resources and Regionalization
9. A Small Preboreal Settlement Site at Kanaljorden, Motala, Sweden Fredrik Hallgren
10. Way Out East: Evidence of Early Maritime Technologies from the East Coast of Sweden Mattias Petterson, Roger Wikell
11. The Pioneer Settlements of Gotland: A behavioural ecology approach Jan Apel, Jan Storå
12. The Use of Aquatic Resources by Early Mesolithic Foragers in Southern Scandinavia Adam Boethius
13. Seascapes of Stability and Change: The Archaeological and Ecological Potential of Early Mesolithic Seascapes, with Examples from Haväng in the South-Eastern Baltic, Sweden Bjorn Nilsson, Arne Sjöström, Per Persson
The North Sea/Norwegian Sea: Environmental preconditions and use of new landscapes
14. Seal and Reindeer: Immediate and Continuous Utilization of Coast and Mountain in the Early Mesolithic of North-Western Norway Frode Svendsen
15. An Early Holocene Bearded Seal from the Trondheim Fjord: Environmental and Archaeological Implications Jorgen Rosvold, Heidi Breivik
16. The Changing Landscape of Prehistoric Orkney Caroline Wickham-Jones, Richard Bates, Sue Dawson, Alastair Dawson, Martin Bates
17. Economy and Environment During the Early Mesolithic of Western Scotland: Repeated Visits to a Fishing Locality on a Small Island in the Inner Hebrides Karen Wicks, Steven Mithen
End Matter
Index Per Persson


Volume 1 is extremely well written and should be a much sought after publication for anyone studying Early Mesolithic subsistence strategies, both for the new research presented and the thought-provoking debates. The inclusion of radiocarbon measurements in several contributions is extremely beneficial for anyone wanting to re-analyse the data in the future. The volume makes a lot of literature accessible for the wider community through translation, particularly Norwegian and Swedish, which is extremely useful.

A new, solid platform for further knowledge development about this fascinating period in our common prehistory.
Viking: Norsk arkeologisk årbok

An important contribution to the settlement of Northern Europe.
Represents an incredible collection of articles focused on the time just after the Weichselian Ice Age. The three books contain a plethora of information regarding flora, fauna, geology and technology, stemming from decades of excavation and of research on the vast body of material unearthed, especially in Norway.
European Journal of Archaeology