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Book: First Civilizations

Chapter: 11 The Old Kingdom or the Pyramid Age (2575–2134 BC)

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.18669


This chapter deals with the period of time during which Egypt experienced a long uninterrupted period of economic prosperity and political stability that was a continuation of the previous period which had seen the unification of Egypt ruled by a king who was elevated to a semi-divine status. Topics covered include:

- organization of the kingdom

- concepts of the afterlife

- concepts of the soul

- pit graves

- changes in funerary structures

- the step pyramid of Djoser

- step pyramid or stage 'mastaba?'

- development of the true pyramid

- the pyramid shape-

- the bent pyramid at Dashur

- the pyramid at Giza

- mysteries of the pyramid

- who built the pyramids

- pyramid construction, passages, techniques and raising the stones

- the legacy of the pyramids

Chapter Contributors

  • Robert Chadwick ( - book-auth-70) 'Bishop's University'