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Book: First Civilizations

Chapter: 12 Funerary practices, rituals, and mummification

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.18670


This chapter covers the transition from the Old Kingdom to what is known as the Middle Kingdom and the rise of Theban temples at Karnak and Luxor. It pays attention to the importance of funerary practices, rituals and mummification. Topics covered include:

- the First Intermediate Period

- the Middle Kingdom

- later forms of funerary architecture

- trade and international relations

- building and reclamation projects

- the Faiyum

- the legacy of the Middle Kingdom

- the Second Intermediate Period

- the Myth of Osiris

- Orsiris as judge of the dead

- mummification and early attempts to preserve the dead

- natron and true mummification

- the Valley of the Kings

Chapter Contributors

  • Robert Chadwick ( - book-auth-70) 'Bishop's University'