Book: Culture and Gender of Voice Pitch
Chapter: Voice Pitch, Politeness and Gender
This chapter introduces the notion of politeness described by Lakoff, Brown and Levinson, and Ide. It also includes a summary of the features of politeness which Brown and Levinson observed. It further presents Doi’s discussion of Japanese psychology involving the notions of restraint (enryo) and self-indulgence (amae). Finally, the chapter looks into observations on women’s politeness as well as features of their politeness in societies of America, New Zealand, Central American Indian Village (Tenajapa), and Japan.