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Book: Functional Dimensions of Ape-Human Discourse

Chapter: The multistratal dimension: a methodology for phonemic analysis of vocalizations of language competent bonobos

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.22019


This chapter focuses on the process of discrimination through choices within systems at all strata, but in particular those systems related to sound which make it possible for an English speaking human interpreter to recognize English words in the distinctly non-human sounds emitted by a language competent bonobo engaged in discourse with the human.

Chapter Contributors

  • James D. Benson ( - book-auth-18) 'York University, Toronto'
  • Meena Debashish ( - mdebashish) 'English and Foreign Languages (EFL) University, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.'
  • William S. Greaves ( - book-auth-19) 'York University, Toronto'
  • Jennifer Lukas ( - Lukas1531188549)
  • Sue Savage-Rumbaugh ( - Savage-Rumbaugh26700)
  • Jared P. Taglialatela ( - Taglialatela13246260)