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Book: Medieval Towns

Chapter: The environment of medieval towns

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.24831


This chapter reviews what urban archaeologies seek when they study the environment in which a town is situated, such as the appearance of the landscape before urbanization, the disruption to the environment caused by the initial settlement; the phases of a town's development, the social and functional status of different parts of a town and the resources on which townspeople could draw for sustenance and fuel. Topics include:

- physical factors and climate

- flora, insects and wild vertebrate fauna

- biological characteristics of urban people: diet and disease

Chapter Contributors

  • John Schofield ( - book-auth-43) 'Museum of London (retired)'
  • Alan Vince † ( - book-auth-157)