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Book: Assessing the Language of Young Learners

Chapter: Children and Teenagers: Developmental Issues

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.30079


This chapter focuses on cognitive, social and linguistic development. A summary of research showing how this development is manifested in the L1 of children and teenagers underlies much of the monograph’s discussion on L2 development. Literacy is also considered, in the light of expectations typically imposed on young learners.

Chapter Contributors

  • Angela Hasselgreen ( - ahasselgreen) 'University of Bergen'
  • Gwendydd Caudwell ( - gcaudwell) 'British Council'