View Chapters

Book: Assessing the Language of Young Learners

Chapter: Testing Speaking

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.30085


This chapter presents a model of L2 speaking, involving the strategies, skills and knowledge involved in speaking, as well as the criteria for judging speaking, including CEFR-linked descriptors. This is followed by a practical consideration of tasks and the testing of L2 speaking, at different ages/levels.

Chapter Contributors

  • Angela Hasselgreen ( - ahasselgreen) 'University of Bergen'
  • Gwendydd Caudwell ( - gcaudwell) 'British Council'