Book: Reflective Practice in ELT
Chapter: Typologies of Reflective Practice
This chapter thus outlines and discusses different typologies of reflective practice starting with John Dewey’s original typology and then move to Donald Schön’s development of Dewey’s original reflective inquiry model. Since Schön’s work led to reigniting interest in reflective practice, many different typologies developed and are discussed in this chapter. These include discussions of typologies by David Kolb, Graham Gibbs, Christopher Johns, Stephen Brookfield, and Terry Borton. The chapter also outlines and discusses this author’s understanding of the concept of reflective practice in the field of teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL) and his interpretation of this concept through his two typologies of reflection: his early typology as well as his relatively new typology or framework for reflecting on practice for TESOL professionals.