Book: Capitalizing Jerusalem
Chapter: 'Stabilizing the Stables’: The Mosque of Mu’awiya
Chapter 6 documents Mu’awiya’s mosque and locates it in what was considered Solomon’s Stables (today Marwani Musalla). This mosque is that described by most scholars as the first mosque of Jerusalem and should be dated between 638-660 known to have been the site of his investiture as Amir al-Mu’minin or Commander of the Faithful (Caliph). It was also supposed in previous scholarship that that mosque did not survive. There is today sufficient evidence to corroborate the claim of the mosque’s location in the ‘Stables.’ One major consequence of the mosque’s survival is that it displaces the Dome of the Rock as the oldest surviving Islamic monument.