Book: Capitalizing Jerusalem
Chapter: Who Built the Dome of the Rock: Why Mu’awiya and Not ‘Abd al-Malik?
Chapters 7-13 focus on a revision of the dating, patronage and history of the Dome of the Rock to attribute the monument’s planning and initiation to Mu’awiya who perhaps left it incomplete at his death in 680. Connections to Byzantium and Yemen are explored as well as Biblical and Qur’anic linkages with the monument. The interpretation further posits that monument links the ahl al-kitab (People of the Book) and ‘others’ to the Dome. The implications are not only religious but political representing ties to a monument type symbolizing the legacy of the pre-Islamic Arab kings as it was passed on to the Umayyads.