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Book: Scoring Second Language Spoken and Written Performance

Chapter: Rater-mediated Judgment with or without Rating Scales

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.40865


In Chapter 5, we look at scoring, in particular by using rating scales. We introduce various rating scale types and also examine rating scale development methods described in the literature. The chapter concludes by looking at one method increasingly used when scoring without specific scale descriptors – comparative judgement.

Chapter Contributors

  • Ute Knoch ( - uknoch) 'University of Melbourne'
  • Judith Fairbairn ( - jfairbairn) 'British Council'
  • Yan Jin ( - jinyan) 'Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China'