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Book: The Five Principles of Middle Way Philosophy

Chapter: b. Complexity and Antifragility

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.44166


Complexity cannot be an ontological feature, but rather requires provisionality, because our perspective is part of the complexity of the system. Developing optionality helps us to address the conditions of system complexity, but we need to beware merely abstract academic acknowledgements of uncertainty without it. In practice, optionality can produce antifragility by strengthening system resilience.

Chapter Contributors

  • Robert Ellis ( - rmellis) 'Middle Way Society'