Book: Narratives of Peace in Religious Discourses
Chapter: Specula Pacis: Cosmopolitan Pacifism in Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More
This chapter aims to present the reflections of Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More on peace. Erasmus was mainly focused on the question of war, being a fierce opposer of it and strongly believing in the possibility of eradicating it from human behavior. Peace is an achievable status through a mix of free will, ratio, and logos. In order to reach such a goal, humankind needs education, a crucial element in Humanistic and Renaissance thought. On the same path we find More and his contradictions, which must be analyzed and contextualized. Although More imagined a tolerant and peaceful society on a global scale, unlike Erasmus, he recognized the impossibility of realizing this vision without the use of war.