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Book: Translocal Lives and Religion

Chapter: 2. 'In-Between' Religiosity: European Kāli-bhakti in Early Colonial Calcutta

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.31740


Anthony Firingee (Antōnī Phiringī) originally Hensman Anthony (?-1836), was a folk-poet/bard, who, despite being of Portuguese origin, was married to a Hindu Brahmin widow and famous for his much-feted devotional songs, addressed to the Goddesses Kāli and Durgā, in Bengali towards the beginning of the 19th century. In this chapter, the literary-cultural construction of a religious hybridity, operating between and cross-fertilising Indo-European cultural conjunctions, is examined through the study of individual, ‘in-between’ religious agency and literary-cultural borrowings.

Chapter Contributors

  • Gautam Chakrabarti ( - gchakrabarti) 'Freie Universität Berlin'