Book: Translocal Lives and Religion
Chapter: 6. Re-discovering Buddha’s Land: The Transnational Formative Years of China’s Indology
Since its reopening up in the 1840s, China came again into contact with India, the former “Buddha’s land”, in a relation that was not purely intellectual but also entangled with questions about China’s cultural self-identity and political ideology. The chapter argues that in the formative years of Indian studies in China, scholars developed their perspectives within three important transnational networks: the revived Buddhist ancestral China-India connection, the scholarly network around Western, particularly German orientalists, and the political network based on socialist and anti-imperialist ideology.