Item Details

Polyphony in Appraisal: typological and topological perspectives

Issue: Vol 3 No. 2 (2007)

Journal: Linguistics and the Human Sciences

Subject Areas: Writing and Composition Linguistics

DOI: 10.1558/lhs.v3i2.107


This paper examines the concept of polyphony in Appraisal (evaluation) - the combining (e.g. fusing or blending) of different kinds of Appraisal systems or sub-systems.It identifies and describes four different types of polyphonic phenomena:

1) Fused Appraisals
2) Invoked Apraisals
3) Border phenomena
4) Appraisal blends

In so doing, this paper provides a preliminary systematisation of such phenomena, in some cases offering an alternative description to those currently available. It also discusses the adequacy of typology and topology in classifying Appraisal and provides a theoretical background to the multiple coding practices in the analysis of Appraisal.

Author: Monika Bednarek

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