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Mixed Methods Research in Language Teaching and Learning

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Mixed methods research (MMR), where quantitative and qualitative methods are combined in the collecting and analysing of research data, is gaining increasing prominence and utility across a range of academic disciplines including applied linguistics and language teaching and learning.

This volume is the first to examine MMR in language teaching and learning and how such a methodology works in practice. The book brings together all the main topics related to MMR in one place and attempts to elaborate on and discuss them in plain language to help researchers better understand and use the methodology. In addition to detailed discussion of the theoretical (for example, the worldviews underlying MMR) and practical (purposes, designs, data collection and analysis), the book presents a framework for analyzing MMR (FRAMMR) studies.

In the third section of the book where FRAMMR is presented, eight published MMR articles addressing different topics in language teaching and learning are analysed and eight more are suggested to be analysed by the readers using FRAMMR. Another salient feature of the book is Chapter 7 in which writing MMR proposals is discussed. The chapter should be of particular interest to postgraduate and doctoral students as well as early career researchers who will be preparing thesis and/or research proposals.

Given the scarcity of resources on MMR in applied linguistics in general, and language teaching and learning in particular, the current volume can fill this gap to a great extent. Attempt has been made to present a coherent and transparent discussion of sometimes confusing MMR issues and topics. As a newly developed research methodology, MMR poses its own challenges to researchers. These challenges are also discussed in different chapters of the book so that researchers can consider them when planning for and implementing MMR projects.

Published: May 1, 2017

Book Contributors

Section Chapter Authors
List of Figures A. Riazi
List of Tables A. Riazi
Preface A. Riazi
Introduction A. Riazi
Part One: Theoretical and Philosophical Aspects of Mixed Methods Research
Chapter 1: Researching Language Teaching and Learning: Three Research Approaches A. Riazi
Chapter 2: Underlying Worldviews (Philosophies) for Mixing Methods A. Riazi
Part Two: Practical Aspects of Mixed Methods Research
Chapter 3: Following a Purpose and Achieving Goals in Undertaking MMR A. Riazi
Chapter 4: Mixed Methods Research Designs A. Riazi
Chapter 5: Research Questions, Sampling Procedures and Data Collection Strategies A. Riazi
Chapter 6: Analysing Data and Making Inferences A. Riazi
Chapter 7: Writing Proposals for MMR Studies A. Riazi
Part Three: Review and Analysis of Published MMR Studies
Chapter 8: A Framework for Analysing MMR Studies A. Riazi
Chapter 9: Researching Language Components A. Riazi
Chapter 10: Researching Communication Skills A. Riazi
Chapter 11: Researching Motivation and Attitude A. Riazi
Chapter 12: Researching Language Testing and Assessment A. Riazi
Chapter 13: Round up of the book A. Riazi
End Matter
Index A. Riazi


An excellent contribution to the field of second language learning and teaching research methodology, which can be appreciated by both graduate students and more experienced researchers alike.

Mixed Methods Research in Language Teaching and Learning makes some important contributions to how scholars in the language teaching and learning field may conceptualize MMR design and execution. First, Riazi lends careful attention to the convergence of quantitative and qualitative paradigms, including discussion of the different epistemological assumptions and “cultures” of each research camp that previously kept the two divergent. This text presents MMR as a paradigm that is much more than the sum of its parts, i.e., MMR is more than simply designing a study that has a qualitative component and a quantitative component, and it deserves the same depth of expertise and deliberation as other research approaches. Second, the book’s format qualifies it as a potential teaching textbook for methods professors or those mentoring theses or dissertations in the field of educational linguistics, applied linguistics, or language learning and teaching, or even as a self-study book for those wishing to develop their own MMR knowledge base. The clear, step-by-step procedural guidance is logical and would be valuable for researchers from conceptualization to publication of an MMR study on language learning or teaching.
Linguistics and Education

The merit of Riazi’s book lies in that it is field specific and addresses language-related issues and topics in depth.
Japan Association for Language Teaching Journal (JALT)