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Critical Approaches to Cypriot and Wider Mediterranean Archaeology

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This volume brings together scholars to reflect on the pioneering work of Professor A. Bernard Knapp, to explore the impact of – and to consider and confront the challenges and questions posed by – his extensive scholarship. Knapp is a central, generation-defining figure in the pre- and proto-history of the Mediterranean, and the essays in this volume will be of interest to a wide range of scholars and students of the region. Topics include studies of sites, places, materials and texts in the Levant, Cyprus, Crete, Greece and Sicily, and wider critiques of theory and method addressing themes of connectivity and mobility, maritime archaeology, landscapes, climate and environment, and publication history and practice in the overall Mediterranean field. The authors comprise a mixture of senior, mid-career and rising junior scholars, from various backgrounds, who offer a broad range of perspectives on the state and future of the archaeology of Cyprus and the wider Mediterranean.

Series Editor for this volume: John F. Cherry, Brown University

Published: May 23, 2022

Book Contributors


Section Chapter Authors
Front Matter
List of Figures and Tables Sturt Manning
Bernard Knapp: An Introduction (Explicandum) Sturt Manning
Introduction Sturt Manning
Chapter 1
Reflections on Thirty Years of the Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology with Bernardo John Cherry
Cypriot Pre- and Proto-history and Economy
2. Cyprus’ External Connections in the Prehistoric Bronze Age Jennifer Webb
3. Toward a Social Life of People and Things on Late Bronze Age Cyprus Kevin Fisher
4. Cypriot Iron Age Communities in Time and Place: Considering Amathus in a Regional Context Catherine Kearns
Cyprus and Metallurgy
5. Placing Politiko Phorades in the Historiography and Evolution of Late Cypriot Metallurgy Vasiliki Kassianidou
6. Mathiatis Mavrovouni: A Miner’s Sanctuary on the Island of Cyprus Sophocles Hadjisavvas
Cypriot Landscapes
7. The Mountainous Landscapes of Cyprus in Antiquity: Deconstructing “Troodos” Georgia Marina Andreou
8. Towards a Post-survey Landscape Archaeology Michael Given
The Wider Mediterranean: Prehistory, Society and Context
9. Middle Bronze Age Sicily: Imports, Networks, and the Myth of Insular Unity Emma Blake
10. Reinventing Persistent Memory Landscapes: The Late Minoan III Interventions in the Pre- and Proto-palatial Cemetery at Petras – Kephala (Siteia, Crete) David W. Rupp, Metaxia Tsipopoulou
11. Mobility and Labour Efforts along Prehistoric Roads and Least Cost Paths in the Argolid, Greece Ann Brysbaert
12. All the King’s Wine? Late Bronze Age Vineyards in Texts from Emar and Ugarit Chris M. Monroe
13. Mediterranean Entanglements: Exploring Material Connections in Iron Age Sardinia Peter van Dommelen
14. Time, Consilience and Climate-history Associations: Details, and the Case of the End of the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1200 BCE) Sturt Manning
Maritime Archaeology of Cyprus and the Levant
15. Mariners’ Cuisine? Cypriot Cook ware from the Late Bronze II Age from the Tell Abu Hawam Anchorage Michal Artzy, Jóse M. Martín-García
16. Ceramics and Stone Anchors: Re-assessing the Anchorage of Maroni Tsaroukkas Carrie Atkins
17. Seascapes and Maritime Capacity of Late Roman Cyprus Stella Demesticha
End Matter
Index Sturt Manning


As always with an edited volume, some projects are further along in their collection and analysis of evidence; however, all are clear in contextualising their interpretation in insightful and sometimes novel ways. In general, this volume will be of keen interest to both practitioners and students of the archaeology of Cyprus. The methodological, chronological and regional scope of most contributions will make it highly relevant to those interested in the Mediterranean and also to those interested in trade, metallurgy and maritime archaeology across the globe.

In picking up many of the threads of Bernard Knapp’s long and productive career – especially where they espouse critical approaches to explanation – the authors in this volume provide a long-overdue tribute to a major scholar which not only builds on many of his interests but which also opens up important new avenues for future exploration.