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Book: The Qur'an

Chapter: 44. The Smoke

DOI: 10.1558/equinox.43776


This sūra opens with a declaration of the ‘sending down’ of the Qur’ān during a single night, followed by a warning that punishment is coming. It recounts the story of Pharaoh and the Sons of Israel, defends the idea of resurrection, and concludes with a description of the rewards and punishments awaiting the righteous and wicked. Q44 takes its title from the reference to the appearance of a heavenly ‘smoke’ which will be a sign of the Last Day (Q44.10).

Chapter Contributors

  • A.J. Droge ( - adroge)